Asia Minor

Asia Minor: Generally referring to the Greeks who lived in Turkey (including the Pontics which are herein listed separately), these Greeks, having lived in isolated pockets of Asia Minor for centuries, brought their unique folk cultures to Greece after the exchange of populations in 1923, many being settled in Macedonia. The Greeks from Constantinople and Smyrna had an urban style of music and dance, while those from Cappadokia and Ikonio were rooted in much older folk traditions. Cappadokia, the ancient region of present day central Turkey, was an important center of Byzantine Hellenism. It fell under Ottoman rule much earlier than the rest of the Greek world so that by the exchange of populations in 1924 most Cappadokian Greeks could only speak Turkish; hence their music and dance traditions are the same as most of central Anatolia, e.g. the Spoon Dances.